KEY FACTORS FOR SAFE AND RATIONAL SECURITY OF BLOOD AND BLOOD COMPONENTS
Keywords:transfusion, blood, blood groups, compatibility
The use of human blood for therapeutic purposes requires the continuous construction of safety and quality systems, in order to minimize potential risks during the process of collection, processing, circulation and final use. Safety, security, rationality, and reliability are important prerequisites for the continuous provision of blood products, regardless of their purpose. Health institutions for blood and blood products should have an organized quality system that will be compatible with strategic goals, while at the same time emphasizing the self-sufficiency of a particular community. In this context, it is necessary to establish a stable and applicable mechanism for issuing permits and accreditation by certified institutions, from this field, which would ensure their operation in accordance with current regulations. Modern blood transfusion practice must provide guarantees to voluntary blood donors regarding the security and confidentiality of all data related to the health of each individual. The key factors, on which safe and rational provision of blood and blood products are based, are visible through continuous activities associated with the promotion of voluntary and unpaid blood donation, thus contributing, in a specific way, to raising and maintaining high standards. Medical and other personnel involved in the process of collection, examination, processing, storage and circulation of human blood and blood components should be qualified and should undergo continuous education. The future development of transfusiology will be based on teamwork and interdisciplinary cooperation, as well as continuous monitoring and application of regulations from this field. The implementation of the Type and Screen method, i.e., blood group typing and antibody screening, should become a standard in the rationalization of the need for blood, which ensures a greater number of available blood units, increases self-sufficiency and directly contributes to the preservation of the health of donors and recipients of blood and blood components.
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