• Dobromira Shopova Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Desislava Bakova Department of Health Care Management, Faculty of Public Health, Medical University-Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Miroslava Yordanova Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Plovdiv, Bulgaria
  • Svetlana Yordanova Department of Orthodontics, Faculty of Dental Medicine, Medical University-Plovdiv, Bulgaria




Occlusal splints, retainers, digital technologies, CAD/CAM technology, 3D printing


This article reviews different types of occlusal splints and retainers, and current trends of their creation by digital technologies. They were systematically searched by key words, single or combined. The key words were: bruxism, retainer, modification of occlusal splints, modification of retainers, 3D printing, CAD/CAM. It was used peer-reviewed articles published in Google scholar until July 2023. The articles were in English with available at least abstract with clear conclusion part. Paid for the reader articles are not included in the review. In this article are presented main and additional types of occlusal splints, different types of retainers and their modifications, the contact point between splints and retainers and their digital creation.


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How to Cite

Shopova, D. ., Bakova, D., Yordanova, M., & Yordanova, S. (2023). OCCLUSAL SPLINTS, RETAINERS AND THE RELATION BETWEEN THEM – A REVIEW ARTICLE . MEDIS – International Journal of Medical Sciences and Research, 2(3), 31–37. https://doi.org/10.35120/medisij020331s