OCCUPATIONAL EXPOSURE TO NOISE DURING AIRPORT GROUND HANDLING - IMPACT AND RECOMMENDATIONS TO REDUCE THE OCCUPATIONAL RISK OF DAMAGE TO THE HEALTH OF WORKERS. CURRENT STATE OF LEGISLATION IN THE FIELD OF NOISE PREVENTION IN THE WORKPLACE IN BULGARIA
Keywords:aviation noise, ground personnel, noise-induced hearing loss, legislation, airports
Those working in the ground handling of aircraft at the airport in the process of performing their activities are exposed to the impact of a complex of harmful and dangerous risk factors, including noise. Noise in the working environment above 85 dB(A) is one of the first unfavorable factors at the airport that affect the functional state of various organs and systems in the human body. Exposure to noise in the work environment at or above 85 dB(A) can cause a number of complaints related to the central and autonomic nervous systems, disorders in the vestibular and auditory apparatus up to permanent hearing loss, reduced work capacity, impaired concentration, fatigue, difficulty in verbal communication, the ability to hear warning signals, respond to environmental sounds, etc. All this affects the general safety and is a prerequisite for the occurrence of aviation accidents caused by the human factor. The purpose of the present study is to present the results of research conducted on noise at the airport itself and its impact on ground staff, by deriving good practices and examples, to make general conclusions and proposals with a practical orientation for the introduction of a standard for health monitoring and prevention of the risk of noise exposure among airport ground handling workers. The methods used are documentary, formal-logical with analysis of official documents, systematic review of articles and data in the surveyed area. The results of the survey show the lack of clear legal rules and standards in the Republic of Bulgaria regarding the health screening of hearing for those working in environments with excessive noise levels, including for ground handling operators at airports. Therefore, solutions to this problem must be implemented, in particular through the introduction of a standard and the introduction of clear criteria for health monitoring, engineering, ergonomic knowledge and preventive measures. Hearing prevention, early screening and health monitoring among workers at excessive levels of noise in the work environment should be a priority of every legislation, responsibility and obligation of every employer.
Al-Harthy NA, Abugad H, Zabeeri N, Alghamdi AA, Al Yousif GF, Darwish MA. Noise Mapping, Prevalence and Risk Factors of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss among Workers at Muscat International Airport. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2022; 19(13):7952. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph19137952
B. Athirah и MS Nurul Shahida 2019 J. Phys.: Conf. сер. 1262 012010DOI 10.1088/1742-6596/1262/1/012010 ; Occupational Noise Exposure Among Airport Workers in Malaysia: An Ergonomic Investigation
Chen, KH., Su, SB. & Чен, КТ. Преглед на причинената от професионален шум загуба на слуха сред работниците: епидемиология, патогенеза и превантивни мерки. Environ Health Prev Med 25 , 65 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12199-020-00906-0
Durmaz, Vildan & Yazgan, Ebru & Yilmaz, Ayşe. (2021). Ergonomic Risk Factors in Ground Handling Operations to Improve Corporate Performance. International Journal of Aviation Science and Technology. vm02. 82-90. 10.23890/IJAST.vm02is02.0205.
Hong OS, Chen SP, Conrad KM. Noise induced hearing loss among male airport workers in Korea. AAOHN J. 1998 Feb;46(2):67-75. PMID: 9526275. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/9526275/
Hong OS, Kim MJ. Factors associated with hearing loss among workers of the airline industry in Korea. ORL Head Neck Nurs. 2001 Winter;19(1):7-13. PMID: 12024523. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/12024523/
Humeda HS, Saeed AM, Noise Induced Hearing Loss among Khartoum International Airport Employees, Journal/ Sudan Journal of Medical Sciences / Vol. 3 No. 3 (2008) /; https://www.ajol.info/index.php/sjms/ article/view/38535
Krylov YU.V., Frolov N.I., Kuznecov V.S. i dr. Vozdejstviya aviacionnogo shuma na organizm // Voenno-medicinskij zhurnal. 1977.2.S. 57-59
Manahilova D., Analisis of incidence of temporary disability among airport groung handling operators with different levels of noise exposure in the airport working environment; Occupational medicine and work ability; issue 1/2022
Neitzel, R.; Fligor, B.; WHO. Determination of Risk of Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Due to Recreational Sound: Review; WHO Make Listening Safe: Risk Assessment and Definitions Group; WHO: Geneva, Switzerland, 2017; pp. 1–24. [Google Scholar
Ogunyemi, Adekunle, "Occupational Noise Exposure Evaluation of Airline Ramp Workers" (2018). USF Tampa Graduate Theses and Dissertations. https://digitalcommons.usf.edu/etd/7205
Smedje G, Lunden M, Gärtner L, Lundgren H, Lindgren T. Hearing status among aircraft maintenance personnel in a commercial airline company. Noise Health. 2011 Sep-Oct;13(54):364-70. doi: 10.4103/1463-1741.85509. PMID: 21959117. https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/21959117/
Zinkin V.N., & SHeshegov P.M.. (2021). Мehanizmy-deystviya-aviatsionnogo-shuma-na-professionalnuyu-rabotosposobnost-i-nadezhnost. Noise Theory and Practice, 7 (2 (24)), 165-182. URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/mehanizmy-deystviya-aviatsionnogo-shuma-na-professionalnuyu-rabotosposobnost-i-nadezhnost (дата обращения: 09.08.2023).
Zinkin V.N., Soldatov S.K., SHeshegov P.M. Osobennosti patologicheskogo dejstviya aviacionnogo shuma na organ sluha inzhenerno-tekhnicheskogo sostava aviacii // Vestnik otorinolaringologii. 2007. 6.S.25-29
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Dorina Manahilova
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.